Rosemary, the “dew of the sea” is a striking beautiful perennial shrub. Its name has a Latin origin – rozmarinus (Rozmarinus officinalis); that is ros “dew” and marinus “belonging to the sea” (mare “sea”). It has been a powerful symbol of remembrance. It was used both at weddings and at funerals, in magical spells and in religious ceremonies. Its useful properties have been also used by herbalists all over the world.
Biological name of the Rosemary is Rozmarinus officinalis; its name is a reference to the plant’s blue dew-like flowers and rather spread location of the shrub. Yes, it is often grown near the sea. The plant - perennial herb - belongs to the mint family of Lamiaceae. Its forms vary from upright (1.5 m tall) to trailing (2 m). Rosemary has nice broad evergreen leaves 2-4 cm long. The number of little nice flowers is so big that it is impossible to count them. The flowers of the shrub also range: white, pink, purple, or blue…
Rosemary is native to Mediterranean region. The plant is not likely to tolerate the freeze, which limited its popularity, especially in regions north of the Alps. Nowadays freeze-tolerant rosemary is cultivated in nearly all countries around the Mediterranean Sea, furthermore in England, the US, Mexico and other counties. The shrub can also tolerate some degree of drought but not an over-watered soil. Nevertheless it likes the location near the sea (though it is not typically spread there). Rosemary is very attractive, when it is grown in the garden and when it is in the pot (and has a different small size). Sheltered position and well-drained soil with a lot of sun is perfect for it.
In the folk medicine all parts of the Rozmarinus have been in use – stem, leaves, and flowers. It is used in the medicine and culinary as a medicinal, an aromatic, an ornamental in the landscape, as a dye, in cosmetics, and as a houseplant.
From the flowering tops herbalists get the essential Rosemary oil. A little different oil (which has more commercial advantages) can be obtained from the stem and leaves (and before the plant is in flower). The oil adds something incredible into soaps, lotions, creams, perfumes, and toilet water. Every time you want to gain your body balance, to get rest after the hard day – the herbal bath is irreplaceable.
It is available in the form of tea (to calm the nerves and induce sleep, also is good for colds, flu, etc.); fresh or dried leaves(help to control dandruff and curing baldness); in the form of tincture (different tinctures are for different purposes: to improve your memory, increase circulation to the brain and to help with headaches, to prevent colds or to fight infections, to calm the nervous system and to stimulate circulatory system, etc.).
The market offers rosemary benefits also in form of capsules (mainly for digestion support), powder and extracts.
The flavor of rosemary adds something extraordinary to fish, beef, pork, lamb, veal, and game. It also goes well with tomatoes, peas, mushrooms, cheese and eggs.
Rozmarinus officinalis contains some tannic acid, resin, bitter principle and a volatile oil. The chief constituents of the oil are Borneol, bornyl acetate and other esters, special camphor. Rosemary contains more than two dozen antioxidants, plenty of vitamins, minerals and substances that are useful for stimulating the immune system, increasing circulation, and improving digestion. Its anti-inflammatory compounds are useful remedies in reducing the severity of asthma attacks. In addition to that rosemary is able to increase the blood flow to the head and brain, improving concentration.
So, Rozmarinus officinalis is an excellent tonic, stimulant, astringent and diaphoretic.
Nice odor of the plant gives you peace and harmony, while taking it into the bath, or as one of the components in your soup, cream or hair-lotion. As the matter of fact – in hair-lotion it has rather useful effect – it stimulates your hair-bulbs to renewed activity and prevents premature baldness. A hair rise of a strong infusion (of the dried plant (both leaves and flowers)) can help dandruff and scurf and is good for dark hair; and in the combination with borax and used when cold, makes one of the best hairwashes known.
The essential oil can be used externally as an ingredient in salves for arthritis and to soothe aching muscles. It can be used as seasoning (but in small doses as it may irritate to the kidneys and stomach and as it is a uterine stimulant – don’t use it while being pregnant).
Another popular usage of rosemary – Rosemary Tea – is really helpful after the hard day before nice sleep. It calms your nerves and its aroma prepares you to get all of rest. Moreover – it is good for colds and flu; it can be a help for your headache, fatigue and indigestion. It makes rheumatic pain easier.
Rosemary is antiseptic and antidepressant, it has antioxidant properties. It promotes sweating and the flow of bile. It is rich in vitamin A and vitamin C and in some minerals: iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc. It is a good tonic for your nervous system and your heart; it stimulates your circulatory system.
A strong infusion makes an antiseptic mouthwash.
Rosemary Wine is an excellent relief in case of dropsy (it stimulates the kidneys – but should be taken in small quantities). Wine is also good for headaches caused by feeble circulation, and it stimulates the brain and nervous system (just add some chopped sprigs of green Rosemary into the white wine and leave it for a few days and then strain it).
In case of asthma or other affections of the throat and lungs the smoke of Rosemary together with Coltsfoot helps very well.
Smell the flower of Rosemary and it brings you the memories of satisfied life and substantial good tasteful meal; this is also the true with the question of health in herbalists.
In all the times rosemary had a long history of use, both as a spice and as a natural remedy against a number of health disorders. These days, ...
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