In ancient India and Greece, Tribulus Terrestris was used as a physical rejuvenation tonic. It is still widely used as a component of therapy for a number of conditions, especially in China. Tribulus is known to treat conditions affecting the liver and kidney as well as the cardiovascular and immune systems.
The role of Tribulus Terrestris in Easter European folk medicine for muscle strength and sexual potency led to two decades of formal (though secret) government-sponsored studies at the Chemical Pharmaceutical Research Institute in Sofia, Bulgaria culminating in the 1980s with a formula for improving physical and sexual performance. The most noted outcome of this research was the success of the Bulgarian weight lifting team which stunned the world in Olympic competition.
Tribulus Terrestris is used in various herbal formulas to treat headaches, eye problems such as itching, conjunctivitis and weak vision, and nervousness. It is also used to treat high blood pressure and rib pain.
Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris contains three groups of active phytochemicals:
• Dioscin, protodioscin, diosgenin and similar. These substances have effect on sexual performance and may treat various sexual disorders, they regulate sexual energy level and strength by increasing the percentage of free testosterone level for men and they effect pregnenolone, progesterone and estrogen. The hormone balancing effects of Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris for women makes this herb suitable for premenstrual syndrome and menopausal syndrome.
• Sterols like betasitosterols or stigma. These substances protect the prostate from swelling and in combination with the X steroidal saponins, protect the prostate from cancer.
• Proprietary steroidal saponins currently referred to as X steroidal saponins. These X steroidal saponins effect the complete immune system. They have been demonstrated to possess anti-bacterial and anti-viral effects. Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris may be used internally and externally to treat herpes, and virus infections such as influenza and the common cold.